In Brief:

Our next cold front is headed in this evening to blow your trash cans around around (peak winds after midnight). We cool to the upper then lower 60’sF for the weekend. Down slope flow and a passing ridge take us almost to 80F Tuesday followed by the next front that might send us into the 30’sF for a high Thursday and a chance of our first SNOW for the season. Stay tuned.

Forecast Discussion:

Winds are creating dangerous fire conditions in the mountains Friday afternoon as a deep trough (U shaped purple clouds/moisture to our northwest in Figure 1) approaches. The front this trough pushed through passes later tonight (with a low tracking overhead – Figure 2 and 4 – blue line) and winds will be briefly pretty strong around and after midnight. By Saturday evening, the front is clear of the area with very little precipitation falling in Colorado (Figure 3) at all.

The Longer Range Forecast:

We cool further on Sunday as northerly winds keep draining down (Figure 4). We warm to almost 80F on Tuesday with a passing ridge and down slope flow (not shown, but portrayed in Figure 4).

The really interesting news is SNOW! Figure 4 shows snow Thursday AM and PM and Friday AM. Winds will gust to around 15-20mph and we have a high in the 30’sF IF this holds together. This weather is created by a deep, fast moving trough sweeping the nation (Figure 5). In an earlier run of the GFS, this trough passed as a closed low that created more snow. This run is more of an open wave.

Figure 6 is the same forecast as Figure 7 (they are for snow totals between now and midnight going into Oct 14). The figure 6 forecast was made this morning at midnight and had 1-2 inches of snow falling in Longmont Thur/Fri. Figure 7, made 6 hours later, keeps the snow to the areas just west of town and up into the mountains.

This could certainly end up just being rain showers once the day arrives, or even a merely cloudy day. What is really interesting is this is the day I picked a couple of weeks (or so) ago for Denver’s first snow. That would be cool (literally).

Figure 1: the water vapor satellite image (browns/reds are dry air, whites and light grey is moist air, purple/blue is ice and high cloud tops). From the the NWS from Friday PM.
Figure 2: The forecast surface map for midnight Friday into Saturday from NCEP.
Figure 3: The forecast surface map for Saturday evening from NCEP.
Figure 4: the graphical forecast for the next 10 days for Longmont, CO from
Figure 5: The 500mb forecast upper air analysis for Thursday AM. Pink dot is Longmont. Red lines are troughs, blue lines are ridges.
Figure 6: The forecast rainfall totals for the next 10 days from the GFS and for Colorado made at midnight Friday AM.
Figure 7: The forecast rainfall totals for the next 10 days from the GFS and for Colorado made at Friday 6am.
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John Ensworth works from Longmont as the Principle Investigator for the NASA Science Mission Directorate Earth and space science education product review through the IGES (The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies – . He is in his 14th year running this review. He is an astronomer (from the 2nd grade onward) and became a meteorologist (in the 5th grade) when a thunderstorm in Arizona rained on his telescope when the weather service had only forecasted a 10% chance of rain. He has college degrees in physics and astronomy and climatology and a graduate degree in meteorology and earth science. He lectures at the Little Thompson Observatory in Berthoud, the Estes Park Memorial Observatory in Estes Park, and for a number of online universities. He built and runs a backyard observatory near Pace and 17th in northeast Longmont where he has lived for 8 years with his wife, daughter, son, and two cats. Invitations to open house nights at this observatory, LTO, and EPMO will be posted with future discussions when they are scheduled. Forecasting severe weather and snow amounts via text lead to this column. He began texting friends about the weather right after the September 2013 flood. The readers of this column will, hopefully, keep him honest in what he ‘thought’ he had forecasted for ‘the most recent’ storm.

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