In Brief:

The tropical (monsoonal) moisture is arriving today (Thursday) and looks like it will linger through the start or middle of next week. Severe weather – super-cells with large hail and damaging winds, as well as thunderstorms dropping locally flooding amounts of rain are possible today. Wet and sometimes stormy (locally flooding) weather will continue through the Monday/Tuesday time frame.

Forecast Discussion:

The upper high has inched into Texas on its trip to Louisiana by the end of the weekend (Figure 1). Increasing amounts of mid and upper level moisture is flowing into the state while thunderstorms out east are pushing up-slope surges of moist surface air. This will result in pretty widespread showers and thunderstorms today and on into the weekend (Figure 1).

This moisture plus summer heating plus upper level short wave ripples getting to the state with the high out of the way (Figure 4) mean severe weather is possible again (Figure 3). There is a marginal risk of severe weather this afternoon with super-cell formation possible generating very large hail and strong damaging winds. With all the moisture around, thunderstorms may produce a quick inch or two of rainfall over a given location that will create flooding.

The weatherunderground model still shows less than a quarter inch of rainfall on average over the area (but again, one storm cell over town could give us inches of water). The GFS gives us less than a quarter inch of rainfall as well over the next 48 hours, but some places pick up 2 inches or more.

In fact, the NWS pointed out (opposite of my claim yesterday) we may get as much as 1.40″ in precipitatable water values today – which approach record levels in meteorological history for Colorado at this time of year. That is serious moisture flow. Remember – extra cloud cover – also caused by the high moisture levels – can keep temperatures down and limit severe weather coverage. Just keep alert!

The Longer Range Forecast:

Figure 5 shows that high afternoon storm chances and lots of cloud cover will continue through Sunday. Moisture will still be in place for storms Monday and Tuesday. Looking out over the next 5 days, the GFS gives us only about a quarter inch of rain (in this run) but many places nearby pick up 1 to almost 4 inches of water. That is possible for Longmont depending on where storms track.

Figure 1: the water vapor satellite image (browns/reds are dry air, whites and light grey is moist air, purple/blue is ice and high cloud tops). From the the Weather Channel from Wednesday.
Figure 2: The forecast surface map for Wednesday night morning from NCEP.
Figure 3: The severe storm weather forecast for the U.S. from the Storm Predication Center in Norman, OK. Made Wednesday for Thursday.
Figure 4: The 500mb forecast upper air analysis for Friday AM. Pink dot is Longmont. Red lines are troughs, blue lines are ridges.
Figure 5: the graphical forecast for the next 10 days for Longmont, CO from
Figure 6: the forecast accumulated precipitation map from the GFS and for Colorado, for the next 2 days.
Figure 7: the forecast accumulated precipitation map from the GFS and for Colorado, for the next 5 days.
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John Ensworth works from Longmont as the Principle Investigator for the NASA Science Mission Directorate Earth and space science education product review through the IGES (The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies – . He is in his 14th year running this review. He is an astronomer (from the 2nd grade onward) and became a meteorologist (in the 5th grade) when a thunderstorm in Arizona rained on his telescope when the weather service had only forecasted a 10% chance of rain. He has college degrees in physics and astronomy and climatology and a graduate degree in meteorology and earth science. He lectures at the Little Thompson Observatory in Berthoud, the Estes Park Memorial Observatory in Estes Park, and for a number of online universities. He built and runs a backyard observatory near Pace and 17th in northeast Longmont where he has lived for 8 years with his wife, daughter, son, and two cats. Invitations to open house nights at this observatory, LTO, and EPMO will be posted with future discussions when they are scheduled. Forecasting severe weather and snow amounts via text lead to this column. He began texting friends about the weather right after the September 2013 flood. The readers of this column will, hopefully, keep him honest in what he ‘thought’ he had forecasted for ‘the most recent’ storm.

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